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多吃高纤维,少得肺病  

2016-04-25 18:12:03|  分类: 养生保健 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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多吃高纤维,少得肺病
2016-03-02 15:53生命时报字号:TT

据《印度时报》近日报道,一项新研究发现,富含纤维素的饮食不仅能预防糖尿病和心脏病,而且可以降低罹患肺病风险。

为了弄清膳食纤维摄入量与肺功能之间的关联,美国内布拉斯加大学医学中心医学营养学副教授科瑞恩?汉森博士及其同事,对美国国家健康和营养调查的数据展开分析。研究人员依据参试者所吃的水果、蔬菜、豆类和粗粮的多少,计算出其膳食纤维摄入量。结果发现,其中571名参试者每天膳食纤维摄入量在17.5克以上,360名参试者不足10.75克。在呼吸测试中,膳食纤维摄入最多者的成绩都比膳食纤维摄入最少的更好。对比结果显示,膳食纤维摄入最多的参试者肺活量更大。研究人员调整了吸烟、体重等多项因素后发现,纤维素摄入量与肺功能之间存在独立关联性。

汉森博士分析指出,多项研究发现,多吃大米、小麦和玉米等粮食、豆类、蔬菜、水果等食物,多摄入膳食纤维有助减少体内炎症,而很多肺病与炎症关系密切。这项新研究结果表明,除了戒烟、运动,增加膳食纤维摄入量也是降低肺病风险的安全、有效措施。▲(梦 韩)


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